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Augusto Cicaré

Augusto Ulderico Cicaré was born on the 25th of May, 1937, in the city of Polvaredas, Saladillo, Province of Buenos Aires, Argentina.

At the age of 11, he assembled his first engine of four-strokes, which he installed in a washing machine. At the same time, he converted a car engine to run on propane gas as fuel, instead of gasoline. He also made all of the tools used in his workshop.

When he was 12, he left school, but he kept his inventive capacity. What allowed him, at the age of 15, to design an engine of 500 c.c. with its camshaft at the head, and a four-speed transmission, to be used in a motorcycle that he was planning to construct. However, circumstances forced him to sell it to an neighbor, who proceeded to install it in a Harley Davidson. With the money that he made from this sale, he started to make the first parts of what was the dream of his life and his passion, the HELICOPTER.

Being a young man of only 18 years old, he developed and built a two-strokes diesel engine. It had a power of 6 hp, with only one stationery cylinder, and it had only three moving parts. On September 9, 1965, he obtained the patent for the invention of the lubricating system that he developed for this engine. He used this engine to drive his lathe and to provide electricity for his workshop through a generator. Around that year, he also designed and built a motorcycle, including the engine with automatic gear box.

In 1958, he accomplished his dearest dream by building and flying his first helicopter, the CICARE CH-1.

This became the first aircraft of this type to be developed and built in South America.

His second helicopter flew for the first time in 1964. For this enterprise he had, first of all, the cooperation of his neighbors at Polvaredas, and later the help and support of the Argentine Air Force.

In 1969, he created a flight simulator, the first one built in South America. The UADE gave him an award for this work.

In 1970, the Junior Chamber of Buenos Aires, named him as one of the ten outstanding young men of Argentina.

The National Ministry of Education and Culture named him Technical Teacher. That same year, the British publication JANE’S published an extensive interview, highlighting the achievements of the young Argentine helicopters builder.

At the request of Juan Manuel Fangio, he designed and built a new four-strokes engine with 4-V cylinders, to be installed in DKW automobiles, using dented distribution belts for the first time in Argentina.

This engine was exhaustively tested by Fangio, covering more than 100,000 km, with optimum results. Later he developed, using the same block, a version for international competitions, with four valves per cylinder, obtaining a similar power than the European competition engines. This project was abandoned when the DKW company closed down.

In 1972, he developed and manufactured an oil recovery pump for the engines of the racing cars of the General Motors official team.

In 1973, he designed and manufactured oil and gasoil filters for diesel engines. During that same year, he developed a four cylinders, two-strokes aircraft engine, with a power of 60 hp. Also in 1973, he started to build small tractors to mow lawns and to carry small loads.

Around the same time, as a result of a contract with the Argentine Air Force and private investors, he designed and built the prototype of his third helicopter, the CICARE CH-3. He adapted a car engine to be used in this aircraft.

Due to budget difficulties, the Air Force had to cancel this contract. The model was finally built thanks to his personal efforts.

At the time, this prototype represented the most exceptional work in that field worldwide, due to the use of a four-blade rigid rotor, with the hub made of composites. This model also had an hydraulic system to assist the commands.

In 1975, he transformed the Ford and Chevrolet six cylinder engines from the use of gasoline fuel to diesel. He obtained the patent for the invention of this system.

In 1980 he designed and built oil-recovery pumps that, even today, can be found in most racing cars in the tourism category.

His fourth helicopter model, the single-seat CICARE CH-4, appeared in 1982. It was built exclusively with Argentine materials, including the 55 H.P. engine. This helicopter proved to have exceptional conditions with respect to maneuverability and stability.

In July of 1986, he signed an agreement with the Argentine Air Force to develop a helicopter to be used for agricultural purposes, equipped with a Lycoming engine of 150 hp. Thus, the CICARE CH-5 appeared.

In order to complement the work of converting gasoline engines to diesel, he designed in 1987 a new diesel injection pump, of the axial type, in order to obtain a pump with simpler technology and greater performance. For this, he was awarded the Juan Manuel Fangio Prize, bestowed by the Bank of the Province of Buenos Aires, to stimulate and reward the skills of Argentinean technicians and professionals.

The CICARE CH-7 is an improved version of the CICARE CH-6, with better trustworthiness and performance.

Flight demonstrations were made with this model at Recife, Brazil, in 1991. In 1992 it was presented at the International Meeting of Ultralights at Bassano del Grappa, Italy, and in the U.S.A. E.A.A. meeting at Oshkosh during the same year.

On March, 1993, the CICARE CH-8 UL performed its first flights; this is an ultra-light, two-seat, twin-engine helicopter, currently under development.

On July 31st, 1993 the Honorable Deliberating Council of the city of Saladillo bestows upon Augusto U. Cicaré the title of Distinguished Personality.

In 1994, he developed the CICARE SVH-3 Helicopter Flight Simulator, which will revolutionize the training system in the entire world, because of its unique characteristics.

In order to increase the safety of sports flights, Augusto Cicaré built in 1996 the CICARE CH-7 2000 VL, an ultra-light helicopter with two engines; this aircraft is capable of landing with only one operative engine, thus increasing safety.

In 1996 he received a diploma from the President of Argentina, naming him as a Friend of the Argentine Air Force.

In 1997, the Professional Council of Air and Space Engineering bestowed upon him the honorary degree of Air and Space Engineer, for being a world-wide referee in the field of Aronautical Engineering, for having his name listed in the most outstanding international encyclopedias and manuals, and for being a source of pride for the Argentine aeronautical field.

In that year he also developed the Cicaré CH-10, a counter-rotating multi-engine ultra-light helicopter.

In March 1998 he flew his new creation, the CICARE CH-11, counter-rotating helicopter with a novel cyclic system.

In November of 1998, Augusto Cicaré entered with the flight simulator CICARÉ SVH-3 in the “Ladislao Jose Biro” competition, sponsored by the National Institute of Industrial Property (INPI) and by the Argentine Association of Inventors.

It was awarded the first prize in the Mechanic category, and it was selected as the best national invention of the year, with the acknowledgement of the International Federation of Inventors (IFIA) and the World Organization of Intellectual Property. For this reason, it was elected to represent the Argentine Republic at the International Exhibition of Inventors in Geneve, Switzerland, on April 30, 1999, where it won the Gold Medal in the “Vehicles, Nautical, Aeronautic and Accessories” Category.

On May 12th, l999, the Provincial Senator, Juan Manuel Vaudagna, presents a bill to declare Augusto Ulderico Cicaré , “Honorable Citizen of the Province of Buenos Aires”, being approved unanimously.

On May 25th, 1999, the Municipality of Saladillo organized a Lunch to commemorate Augusto´s birthday and the Mayor gave him the Key of the City recognizing his trajectory. More than 1,500 peoples concurred.

El 31 de Julio de 1999 el Honorable consejo Deliberante de Saladillo, por Decreto Nro. 10/99 impone el nombre de Augusto Ulderico Cicaré al acceso que comienza en Rotonda Ruta 205 hasta el Aero Club Local. Encontrándose la planta industrial de Cicare Helicópteros S.A. situada aproximadamente en el punto medio de dicho acceso.

On July 31st of the same year the Honorable Deliberative Council of Saladillo, by Ordinance number 10/99 gives the name of Augusto Ulderico Cicaré to the avenue from the roundabout on the Route 205 to the local aerodrome. Approximately in the middle point of this avenue the facilities of Cicaré Helicópteros S.A. are located.

During the year 2000 he was dedicated to develop and construct a gear box for the Labala GFL 2000 turbine engine and thus giving aeronautical uses to this Argentinean turbine./p>

On September 2001 Augusto Cicaré flew his latest creation, the CICARE CH-2002, a two-seat helicopter powered by a turbine engine.

During 2002 he mad the first tests of a novel system that allows to operate Diesel engines with two fuels (Diesel and CNG).

During 2003 the Cicaré Diesel- Gas System was tested in many vehicles on more than 1.000.000 kms with excellent results. On the same year the certification under the ENARGAS (National Gas Regulator Organism) norms was requested.

On 19th January, 2004 the IGA (Argentinean Gas Institute) certified the Cicaré Diesel-Gas System.

On December 20th, 2004, he received for the second time the “Juan Manuel Fangio” Award for technological innovation in automobile and auto parts industries, established by Banco de la Provincia de Buenos Aires for the introduction of the innovative Cicaré Diesel-Gas System.

On December 29th, 2004, Saladillo’s Honorable Deliberating Council declared the Cicaré Diesel-Gas System as being of special interest for the city council through the sanction of Decree nº47/04, in recognition for his technological inventiveness.

On July 1st, 2005, the Production Minister, following a request from the House of Deputies of the Province of Buenos Aires, declared the Cicaré Diesel-Gas System as being of Provincial Interest due to its technical and economical advantages.

On September 1st, 2005, the Academic Council of the School of Engineering of Universidad Nacional del Centro de la Provincia de Buenos Aires honors him as Innovative Entrepreneur 2005 because of his general contribution to the environment and to the transportation sector specifically through the development of Cicaré Dual Diesel-Gas System (Decision C.A. FAC. ING. Nº 204/05).

On September 2nd, 2005, he received the 2nd position award in the INNOVAR 2005 competition within the Third National Days of Design, for his technological innovation called Cicaré Dual Diesel-Gas System.

In January 2006 he started to develop a two-seater helicopter together with the Argentine Army for training and recognition propelled by an Allison C-20-B turbine.

On February 20th, 2006 the CICARE CH-14 (the first turbine propelled helicopter in Latin America) made its first test flight.

On November 23rd, 2007, the Argentine Army officially presented the CICARE CH-14 in Campo de Mayo to celebrate the Anniversary of the Army Aviation.

On May 27th, 2008 he receives the "Orden al Mérito Newberiano" Award and he is incorporated as Honorary Member of the "Instituto Nacional Newberiano".

In March 2009 he flies his last creation, the CICARE CH-12, a two-seater helicopter used for sports activities.

On November 18th, 2009, his biography written by Mr. Francisco Halbritter and titled "De Saladillo al Mundo. Augusto Cicaré y sus helicópteros" was published.